Sir Walter Raleigh is executed. After the death of Queen Elizabeth, Raleigh's enemies spread rumors that he was opposed the accession of King James.
Mozart's opera Don Giovanni opens in Prague.
The Demologos, the first steam-powered warship, launched in New York City.
Leon Czolgosz is electrocuted for the assassination of US President William McKinley. Czolgosz, an anarchist, shot McKinley on September 6 during a public reception at the Temple of Music in Buffalo, N.Y. Despite early hopes of recovery, McKinley died September 14, in Buffalo, NY.
Russian archaeologist Peter Kozloff apparently uncovers the tomb of Genghis Khan in the Gobi Desert, a claim still in dispute.
Black Tuesday–the most catastrophic day in stock market history, the herald of the Great Depression. 16 million shares were sold at declining prices. By mid-November $30 billion of the $80 billion worth of stocks listed in September will have been wiped out.
The first ball-point pen goes is sold by Gimbell's department store in New York for a price of $12.
Alonzo G. Moron of the Virgin Islands becomes the first African-American president of Hampton Institute, Hampton, Virginia.
French forces launch Operation Lorraine against Viet Minh supply bases in Indochina.
Thieves steal a jewel collection–including the world's largest sapphire, the 565-carat "Star of India," and the 100-carat DeLong ruby–from the Museum of Natural History in New York. The thieves were caught and most of the jewels recovered.
The U.S. Supreme Court orders immediate desegregation, superseding the previous "with all deliberate speed" ruling.
First computer-to-computer link; the link is accomplished through ARPANET, forerunner of the Internet.
Palestinian guerrillas kill an airport employee and hijack a plane, carrying 27 passengers, to Cuba. They force West Germany to release 3 terrorists who were involved in the Munich Massacre.
More than 500,000 people protest in The Hague, The Netherlands, against cruise missiles.
The last stretch of Britain's M25 motorway opens.
South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission reports condemns both sides on the Apartheid issue for committing atrocities.
John Glenn, at age 77, becomes the oldest person to go into outer space. He is part of the crew of Space Shuttle Discovery, STS-95.
The deadliest Atlantic hurricane on record up to that time, Hurricane Mitch, makes landfall in Honduras (in 2005 Hurricane Wilma surpassed it); nearly 11,000 people died and approximately the same number were missing.
For the first time, Osama bin Laden admits direct responsibility for the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in the US; his comments are part of a video broadcast by the Al Jazeera network.
Delta and Northwest airlines merge, forming the world's largest airline.
Hurricane Sandy devastates much of the East Coast of the US; nearly 300 die directly or indirectly from the storm.
Born on October 29
Jean Giraudoux, French dramatist, novelist and diplomat, famous for his book Tiger at the Gates.
Fanny Brice, comedian, singer and actress.
Joseph G. Göbbels, German Nazi Propaganda Minister who committed suicide in Hitler's bunker.
Henry Green, novelist (Living, Party Going).
A. J. Ayer, English philosopher.
Bill Maudlin, American cartoonist whose GI characters "Willie" and "Joe" appeared in Stars and Stripes newspapers during World War II.
Ralph Bakshi, Palestinian-American director of live films and animated full-length films for adults including 1972's Fritz the Cat (first animated film to be rated X by the Motion Picture Association of America), Wizards (1977) and The Lord of the Rings (1978).
Don Simpson, film producer, screenwriter, actor; (co-producer Flashdance, 1985; Top Gun, 1986).
Melba Moore, disco and R&B singer, actress ("You Stepped into My Life," "Lean on Me").
Peter Green, guitarist, songwriter, founder of the band Fleetwood Mac; regarded as one of the greatest guitarists of all time.
Richard Dreyfuss, actor (American Graffiti, Jaws; won Academy Award for Best Actor for 1977's The Goodbye Girl).
Kate Jackson, actress, director, producer (original Charlie's Angels TV series, Scarecrow and Mrs. King TV series).
Lee Child, author; creator of the Jack Reacher novel series.
David Remnick, journals, author, magazine editor (The New Yorker); won Pulitzer Prize for Lenin's Tomb: The Last Days of the Soviet Empire (1994).
Winona Ryder, actress, producer (Beetlejuice; Girl, Interrupted).